Hemorrhoids are like varicose veins, except they occur around your anus and in your rectum. Many people put up with the bleeding and pain of hemorrhoids for a long time before getting help, so it’s good to know that the experienced doctors at Triborough GI offer several simple and effective treatments that quickly take care of the problem. If you have questions about your hemorrhoids or you’d like to schedule an appointment, call one of the offices in Brooklyn, the Bronx, or Staten Island, New York, or use the online booking form.
You have hemorrhoids when the veins around your anus or in your rectum become inflamed and swollen. The veins that form hemorrhoids stretch and enlarge when they’re exposed to unusual pressure.
The type of pressure that leads to hemorrhoids occurs from chronic constipation or diarrhea, when you sit on the toilet too long, and from frequently lifting heavy objects. It’s also common for women to get hemorrhoids when they’re pregnant.
You can develop two types of hemorrhoids, with different symptoms for each type:
These hemorrhoids form from veins in the lining inside the anus or lower rectum. They often cause bleeding, which appears as bright red blood on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl after a bowel movement.
Internal hemorrhoids don’t cause other symptoms unless ongoing pressure or straining during bowel movements makes them push through the anal opening. Then the prolapsed hemorrhoid becomes painful.
External hemorrhoids develop from enlarged veins under the skin around your anus. These hemorrhoids often cause pain and itching. You may also feel a tender lump near your anus or experience pain after sitting for a long time. If the hemorrhoid develops a blood clot, you’ll experience sudden, severe pain.
The doctors at Triborough GI may recommend lifestyle changes to treat mild hemorrhoids. For example, changing your diet and adjusting your bathroom habits may be enough to relieve the pressure and heal the hemorrhoids.
When your hemorrhoids are painful and need to be removed, you may have one of these procedures:
Ligation is used to treat external hemorrhoids. During a ligation, your doctor places an elastic band around the base of the hemorrhoid. As the band cuts off the hemorrhoid’s blood supply, it shrinks, dies, and falls off. A scar forms, which holds the veins in place.
Infrared coagulation is a procedure often used to treat internal hemorrhoids. Your doctor at Triborough GI directs a beam of infrared light at the base of the hemorrhoid.
The heat causes scar tissue that cuts off the blood supply to the hemorrhoid. Then the hemorrhoid dies and the scar tissue holds the nearby veins in place. When your hemorrhoids are severe or they return after treatment, you may need surgery to remove the tissue.
If you suffer pain or bleeding due to hemorrhoids, you can schedule an appointment online or call one of the Triborough GI offices.