Irritable Bowel Syndrome Specialist

Triborough GI

Gastroenterology located in Brooklyn, NY, Bronx, NY & Staten Island, NY

Irritable bowel syndrome causes sudden abdominal pain and unpredictable changes in your bowel habits, which can make it hard to follow through with your planned activities. The skilled doctors at Triborough GI have helped many patients regain control of their symptoms so they can continue to live a full life. If you need help with irritable bowel syndrome, schedule an appointment online or call one of the offices in Brooklyn, the Bronx, or Staten Island, New York.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome Q&A

What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?

IBS affects your large intestine, where it causes two chronic symptoms that occur together: a change in your bowel habits and abdominal pain. The experts believe that patients with IBS have an overly reactive intestine.

Your intestine’s hypersensitivity may be due to abnormal muscle contractions or miscommunication between intestinal nerves and your brain. Infections and bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine may also play a role in IBS.

What symptoms develop due to irritable bowel syndrome?

You can develop different types of IBS, depending on your symptoms:

IBS with constipation (IBS-C):

  • Hard stools
  • Difficulty having a bowel movement
  • Need to have a bowel movement but can’t

 

IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D)

  • Loose stools
  • Urgent need to use the bathroom
  • Cramping and belly pain

 

You can also have both types at the same time, which is called IBS with mixed bowel habits (IBS-M).

Both IBS-C and IBS-D may also cause other symptoms, such as:

  • Abdominal pain and bloating
  • Bad breath
  • Frequent urination
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Fatigue

 

Patients with IBS go through periods of remission followed by a flare-up of their symptoms. Certain foods, alcohol, stress, and hormonal changes are all known to trigger worsening symptoms.

How is irritable bowel syndrome treated?

Treatment focuses on relieving your symptoms because there’s currently no cure for IBS. Your doctor at Triborough GI helps you determine which dietary changes you can make to improve your symptoms. You may need to limit gas-producing foods, eliminate gluten from your diet, or follow a special diet, such as a low-FODMAP diet that eliminates specific carbohydrates known to trigger IBS symptoms.

A variety of medications are available to help alleviate your symptoms, such as:

  • Fiber supplements to control constipation
  • Laxatives as a backup to fiber supplements
  • Anti-motility medications to slow down muscle movements and stop diarrhea
  • Anticholinergic medications to relieve painful muscle spasms
  • Antidepressants that also help relieve pain

 

There are also several medications that are specifically formulated to treat IBS. However, they’re primarily used for severe cases that haven’t responded to other treatments.

When you develop a change in bowel habits that doesn’t go away, call Triborough GI or schedule an appointment online.